The Blue2Orange initiative aims to generate ideas and designs relating to the development of supportive technologies for Mars colonization.

 

Necessary Undeveloped Martian Technologies:

 

Martian Artificial Magnetosphere-Generating Satellite

Without a magnetosphere, any attempts to terraform Mars’ atmosphere will be in vain, as solar rays will strip away the atmosphere.

 

Dust-Storm Resistant Shelter

See: Dust Storm Impacts on Human Mars Mission Equipment And Operations (PDF)

 

Energy Sources Unaffected by Months-Long Dust-Storms

One possible solution would be a radioisotope thermoelectric generator.